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Pula, Istrian spirit of ancient Rome
Home Urban centers Cities Pula, Istrian spirit of ancient Rome

Pula is the largest Istrian city, located on the southwestern part of the Istrian peninsula in a well protected bay. As well as the other parts of Istrian peninsula, Pula is known for its mild climate, calm and untouchable nature. The Pula is city- transit port, which maintains a long tradition of shipbuilding, and fishing, viticulture and tourism, and since the Roman century is the administrative center of Istria.
Natural beauty Pula’s surrounding and blue Adriatic Sea made Pula famous summer destination worldwide, and generally very interesting tourist destination. National Park Brioni is situated near Pula and it is exclusive tourist destination, but more about the exclusively Brioni in the text devoted to this National park. The Adriatic coast offers beaches, fishing, diving to the remains of the ancient Roman galleys and ships from World War I, as well as boat ride in untouched caverns, to large and small islands. The most famous beaches in Pula, there are Peščana Uvala i Valkane, Gortanova Uvala in Lungomareu, Ambrela and Havajsko in Verudeli.

The city is known for the sea beauty and the culinary delicacies of Istrian area, but at the most it is known for its preserved ancient Roman buildings of which the best-known worldwide is amphitheater from the first century, the sixth largest in the world, known as Arena. It is the most important and significant monument in Pula, where begins and ends every city visit, and used to be held gladiators fighting. It was built in the 1st century during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, at the same time with the biggest and most famous building of its kind – Colosseum in Rome.
The arena is elliptical shape, with battlefield in the middle, and the public were sitting on the stone steps or standing in the gallery. It is thought that in the Arena could be 20,000 people. In the Middle Ages Arena is used to knight tournaments and exhibitions, and today is used for summer events – the traditional Film Festival (known from the period of former Yugoslavia), Equestrian Festival, concerts, etc.. In the underground room, which was used by gladiators, has a permanent exhibition „The olive growing and viticulture in the ancient Istria“, enriched with reconstruction of machinery for the oil and wine production (mills, pots for sediment) and amphorae that were used as transport packaging for oil and wine.

Text: Aleksandar Devetak
Photo: Davor Žilić

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