It is an interesting story about the origin of Brijuni. God intended to form part of the Earth by the picture of a Paradise. Thus, according to the legend, Istria was created, as a garden where grow beautiful trees and green meadows. The jealous devil destroyed God’s work by tearing the bag in which the angel was carrying the unused stones, and the thousands of stone rocks scattered around the Istria, the land of contrasts, at the same time gentle and rough, sunny and cloudy. Sad angels picked up the remaining parts of Paradise among the scattered rocks and protected them by the sea waves and created Brijuni.
This paradise on earth is a few kilometers west of the coastline, opposite the Fažana, and consists of 14 islands, in a total 33.9 km2. The two largest islands are Veliki Brijuni and Mali Brijuni, and smaller Sveti Marko, Gaz, Okrugljak, Šupin, Šupinić, Galija, Grunj, Vanga, Madona, Vrsar, Kozada i Sveti Jerolim. Thanks to its jagged coastline, history and various flora and fauna, the Brijuni was declared a national park on 27 October 1983rd and since then has become a favorite tourist destination.
The Brijuni was the summer residence of Josip Broz Tito, where he was visited by world statesmen, government delegations and prominent politicians. On the Brijuni held several important state meetings and party forums, including the famous Fourth (Brionski plenum) plenum of the Central Committee (1966). Today, the part of the Brijuni National park is used as the official summer residence of the Croatian President and it is closed to tourists.
Among the attractions that you should not miss, by the recommendation of the locals: the famous observation, once the dominant tourist attraction that has outgrown the forest but still an unique example of engineering culture, the mausoleum of the family Kupelwieser, also known as Kupelwieser peace, and promenade arising from clearing the old quarries of stones, and where Alois Čufar, a forester and planner of all promenades on the Brijuni, with its original ideas, created them in a completely different style.
Text: Aleksandar Devetak
Published on: 24.02.2011